Dual degree Programs
MD/Ph.D and MSTP
As is the case in Canada, the Ph.D portion of this degree can be completed in just about any field. The cost of tuition is covered for most students, and in general, the medical school and other sources of funding will be able to provide a stipend for the student during their degree. Just like in Canada, the programme usually requires 7-8 years, although some students take 6 years, while others may take 10 or more. MSTP (Medical Scientist Training Programme) is a title given to about one-third of US MD/Ph.D programmes which are given funding by the National Institute of Health. Two examples are Stanford University and the University of Chicago. Other than the source of funding, MSTP programmes are no different from MD-Ph.D programmes.
International students are eligible to apply to most MD-Ph.D programmes in the US, however, schools with MSTP programmes usually have more difficulty funding international students since NIH/federal funding is only available to U.S. citizens and sometimes permanent residents [Reference: http://www.nigms.nih.gov/Training/InstPredoc/Pages/PredocOverview-MSTP.aspx]. These schools can sometimes accept international students by obtaining funds from other sources.
Other dual degree programmes
MD/MPH: MD and Master’s in Public Health. Available at over 80 universities in 2014 [Reference: https://www.aamc.org/students/mdmph/ ]. Usually requires 1 additional year. Some schools like Tufts University allow students to complete the dual degree in the same time that a normal MD programme would require (4 years).
MD/JD: Combined MD and Doctor of Jurisprudence. Offered by 21 schools in 2011. At most universities including Vanderbilt and the University of Pennsylvania, students accepted to both the law school and medical school can complete the degree in 6 years. Details on how to apply to these programmes and the length of study are available on the schools’ websites.
MD/MEd: MD and Master’s degree in Education. Available only at a few universities, such as the University of Pennsylvania.
MD/MBA: MD and Master’s degree in Business Administration. Offered by approximately 54 schools in 2014 (Reference: http://mdmbaprograms.com/2.html).The programme usually requires 1 extra year.
MD/MS: MD and Master’s degree in Science. Offered by most schools. Usually requires 1 additional year.
Other degrees such as a Master’s degree in Arts, a Master’s degree in Health Administration or a Master’s degree in Biomedical Engineering can also be combined with an MD degree. Details on these programmes are available on the schools’ websites.
Aside from MD/Ph.D programmes, most dual degree programmes require applicants to apply to the medical school and the other faculty (business school, graduate school etc.) separately, although the degree will still be a joint degree and will take less time than the two degrees separately. This usually means taking any additional examinations (GMAT, LSAT), but in most cases not the GRE. MD-Ph.D applicants can often submit one application which includes essays for both programmes. This is the case for Boston University, Harvard and many others. Prerequisite courses usually need to be satisfied for both programmes as well.